Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Haemodialysis-induced transient CD16+ monocytopenia and cardiovascular outcome.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis with bioincompatible membranes led to transient leukocyte activation and intra-dialytic leukopenia due to endothelial adherence. After the introduction of biocompatible membranes, only CD16(+) (i.e. CD14(++)CD16(+) and CD14((+))CD16(+)) monocytes showed an impressive transient intra-dialytic decrease. Presently, it is unclear whether this CD16(+) monocyte drop is detrimental. We investigated whether a prominent intra-dialytic decrease of CD16(+) monocytes predicts future cardiovascular (CV) events. METHODS: We measured leukocyte and monocyte subpopulations in 70 patients before and 10 min after haemodialysis initiation. Patients were stratified by their intra-dialytic CD14(++)CD16(+) monocyte drop (pre-defined major drop: decline of cell counts at 10 min to <50% of pre-dialytic values; pre-defined minor drop: decline to values >50% of pre-dialytic counts). Patients were followed up for 42 +/- 2 months; endpoints were CV events and death. RESULTS: Patients with a minor CD14(++)CD16(+) monocyte drop had more CV events than patients with a major drop. In multivariate analysis, a minor CD14(++)CD16(+) monocyte drop was the strongest independent predictor of future CV events [hazard ratio 2.405 (95% CI 1.192-4.854)]. CONCLUSIONS: These data refute the assumption that a prominent intra-dialytic decrease of CD14(++)CD16(+) monocytes is detrimental. Instead, a minor cell drop could mirror CD14(++)CD16(+) monocyte dysfunction, with inadequate migratory reaction towards an immunologic stimulus posed by membrane and tubing contact.

Authors: Rogacev KS, Ziegelin M, Ulrich C, Seiler S, Girndt M, Fliser D, Heine GH.
Journal: Nephrol Dial Transplant. 24(11):3480-6.
Year: 2009
PubMed: Find in PubMed