Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Coactosin-like protein functions as a stabilizing chaperone for 5-lipoxygenase: role of tryptophan 102.


The activity of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), which catalyzes two initial steps in biosynthesis of proinflammatory leukotrienes (LT), is strictly regulated. One recently discovered factor, Coactosin-like protein (CLP), binds 5-LO and promotes LT formation. Here we report that CLP also stabilizes 5-LO and prevents non-turnover inactivation of the enzyme in vitro. Mutagenesis of Trp residues in the 5-LO ss-sandwich showed that 5-LO-W102 is essential for binding to CLP, and for CLP to support 5-LO activity. In addition, also the stabilizing effect depended on binding between CLP and 5-LO. After mutations which prevent interaction (5-LO-W102A, or CLP-K131A), the protective effect of CLP was absent. A calculated 5-LO-CLP docking model indicates that CLP may bind to additional residues in both domains of 5-LO, thus possibly stabilizing the 5-LO structure. To obtain further support for binding between CLP and 5-LO in a living cell, subcellular localization of CLP and 5-LO in the monocytic cell line Mono Mac 6 was determined. In these cells, 5-LO associates with a nuclear fraction only when differentiated cells are primed with phorbol ester and stimulated with ionophore. The same pattern of redistribution was found for CLP, indicating that the two proteins associate with the nucleus in a coordinated fashion. Our data support a role for CLP as a chaperoning scaffold factor, influencing both the stability and the activity of 5-LO.

Authors: Esser J, Rakonjac M, Hofmann B, Fischer L, Provost P, Schneider G, Steinhilber D, Samuelsson B, R├ądmark OP.
Journal: Biochem J. 425(1):265-74
Year: 2009
PubMed: Find in PubMed