Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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The response to TLR ligation of human CD16(+)CD14(-) monocytes is weakly modulated as a consequence of persistent infection with the hepatitis C virus

Abstract

Little is known about the frequency and function of CD16(+)CD14(-) monocytes from chronic HCV patients. We observed that the absolute numbers and ratio of CD16(+)CD14(-) to CD14(+)CD16(-) monocytes were similar between chronic HCV patients and healthy individuals. Functionally, we found that CD16(+)CD14(-) monocytes are more responsive to TLR8-ligation and only weakly responsive to LPS stimulation in producing TNF as compared to CD14(+)CD16(-) monocytes. We found no overt impairment of the function of CD16(+)CD14(-) monocytes from patients, except for an augmented induction of MIP-1β-producing CD16(+)CD14(-) monocytes upon TLR4-ligation. However, the increased frequency of MIP-1β-producing CD16(+)CD14(-) monocytes was not associated with viral load, ALT or fibrosis level. Our findings indicate that, different from other infectious diseases, the frequency and function of CD16(+)CD14(-) monocytes are only minimally altered as a consequence of the persistent state of HCV infections, and our findings therefore do not suggest a role for CD16(+)CD14(-) monocytes in HCV pathogenesis.

Authors: Peng C, Liu BS, de Knegt RJ, Janssen HL, Boonstra A.
Journal: Mol Immunol. 48(12-13):1505-11.
Year: 2011
PubMed: Find in PubMed