Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Fcgamma receptor expression levels on monocytes are elevated in rheumatoid arthritis patients with high erythrocyte sedimentation rate who do not use anti-rheumatic drugs

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Levels of immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc receptors (FcgammaRs) affect the activity and function of monocytes/macrophages when binding IgG-containing immune complexes. Hence, the expression level of FcgammaRs on monocytic cells may influence inflammation in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study the expression levels of FcgammaRI, IIa and IIIa on peripheral blood monocytes of RA patients were compared with those of healthy controls and related to patient and disease characteristics and the use of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). In addition, FcgammaR expression levels were determined on RA synovial fluid macrophages and compared with those in RA peripheral blood. METHODS: Mononuclear cells from peripheral blood and synovial fluid were isolated and FcgammaR expression levels on CD14-positive cells were analysed by flow cytometry. The effects of patient and disease characteristics and the use of DMARDs were assessed. RESULTS: A high expression level of FcgammaRIIa and high percentages of FcgammaRIIIa-expressing monocytes were found in RA patients with a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate. DMARD-naive early RA patients had higher FcgammaRIIa expression levels but a similar amount of FcgammaRIIIa-positive monocytes compared with RA patients using DMARDs. In synovial fluid, FcgammaRIIa expression levels were lower than in RA peripheral blood, whereas the percentage of FcgammaRIIIa-positive monocytic cells was higher in synovial fluid than in peripheral blood. CONCLUSIONS: These data point to the involvement of FcgammaRs, specifically FcgammaRIIa and IIIa, in the immune response of RA and suggest that FcgammaR expression levels are susceptible to modulation by DMARD therapy.

Authors: Wijngaarden S, Van Roon JA, Bijlsma JW, Van De Winkel JG, Lafeber FP
Journal: Rheumatology 42: 681-688
Year: 2003
PubMed: Find in PubMed