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Inhibition of TGF-β signaling, vasculogenic mimicry and proinflammatory gene expression by isoxanthohumol

Abstract

TGF-β is a multifunctional cytokine that regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and extracellular matrix production. Deregulation of TGF-β production or signaling has been associated with a variety of pathological processes such as cancer, metastasis, angiogenesis and fibrosis. Therefore, TGF-β signaling has emerged as an attractive target for the development of new cancer therapeutics. In a screening program of natural compounds from fungi inhibiting the TGF-β dependent expression of a reporter gene in HepG2 cells, we found that the flavone isoxanthohumol inhibited the binding of the activated Smad2/3 transcription factors to the DNA and antagonized the cellular effects of TGF-β including reporter gene activation and expression of TGF-β induced genes in HepG2 and MDA-MB-231 cells. In an in vitro angiogenesis assay, isoxanthohumol (56 μM) strongly decreased the formation of capillary-like tubules of MDA-MB-231 cells on Matrigel. In addition, we found that isoxanthohumol blocked IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-6 dependent Jak/Stat signaling and strongly inhibited the induction of pro-inflammatory genes in MonoMac6 cells at the transcriptional level after LPS/TPA treatment

Authors: Serwe A, Rudolph K, Anke T, Erkel G
Journal: Invest New Drugs.;30(3):898-915
Year: 2011
PubMed: Find in PubMed