Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Blood leukocyte subsets and cytokine profile after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation

Abstract

High-dose chemotherapy with autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) includes the risk of infectious complications due to neutropenia and therapy-induced immune deviation. In order to understand early immune recovery in this situation, we analyzed the distribution of cell subsets by flow cytometry and we measured cytokine production in a whole blood assay stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in order to induce monocyte (MO) activation in 43 patients with solid tumors or lymphoma treated with two cycles of high-dose chemotherapy and PBSCT. Blood was collected at the following time points: before start of mobilization chemotherapy, before and after high-dose chemotherapy, and 10 and 30 days after PBSCT. In the lymphocyte compartment, we found a depletion of B cells and naive T cells and a transitory reduction of natural killer (NK) cells, whereas MO and neutrophils recovered rapidly. However, during early recovery, HLA-DR expression on MO and the percentage of CD16(+) MO was considerably reduced. Production of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha upon LPS stimulation was severely impaired directly after chemotherapy and unexpectedly remained low during early recovery of myeloid cells, whereas production of IL-1RA was enhanced, indicating a shift of immune competent cells to an anti-inflammatory or anergic state early after PBSCT.

Authors: Krause SW, Rothe G, Gnad M, Reichle A, Andreesen R
Journal: Ann Hematol., 82(10):628-636
Year: 2003
PubMed: Find in PubMed