Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Invasive chronic inflammatory monocyte phenotype in subjects with high HIV-1 viral load

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected monocytes trafficking into the central nervous system are a risk factor for HIV-1-associated dementia. We performed global gene expression analysis on CD14(+) monocytes isolated from HIV-1-infected individuals and controls to identify HIV-1-related changes in monocyte phenotype. Monocytes from subjects with high viral load (HVL) had a significant increase in monocytes expressing CD16, CCR5, and MCP-1. There was also an increase in sialoadhesin, a macrophage marker of chronic inflammation. Expression of proinflammatory cytokine genes IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-alpha was unchanged in individuals with HIV-1 compared to control CD14(+) monocytes. Differential gene expression identified by DNA microarray analysis was confirmed with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), while increased protein expression was characterized by immunofluorescence. We concluded that there is a circulating CD14(+) macrophage hybrid phenotype in subjects with HVL.

Authors: Pulliam L, Sun B, Rempel H
Journal: J Neuroimmunol., 157(1-2):93-98
Year: 2004
PubMed: Find in PubMed