Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Bezafibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α agonist, decreases circulating CD14+CD16+ monocytes in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Abstract

CD14+CD16+ monocytes are proinflammatory cells that produce tumor necrosis factor and interleukin (IL)-1β. The number of circulating CD14+CD16+ monocytes is increased in patients with chronic renal failure or coronary artery disease. We investigated the effect of bezafibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α agonist, on circulating CD14+CD16+ monocytes in patients with type 2 diabetes. Using cells isolated from type 2 diabetic subjects, we also examined the in vitro expression of CD16 messenger RNA (mRNA) by mononuclear cells (MNCs) exposed to bezafibrate. The percentage of CD14+CD16+ monocytes among all CD14+ monocytes was significantly higher in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (P < 0.01) or type 2 diabetes (P < 0.05) than in those with normal glucose tolerance. The percentage of CD14+CD16+ monocytes was significantly lower in patients with type 2 diabetes who were taking bezafibrate (400 mg/d) than in patients not taking it (P < 0.01). Treatment with bezafibrate for 12 weeks significantly reduced the percentage of circulating CD14+CD16+ monocytes from 45.4 ± 25.2% to 38.3 ± 21.8% (P = 0.0144). In an in vitro study, the expression of CD16 mRNA by MNCs from 6 diabetic subjects was decreased after 24 hours of treatment with 10 μg/mL of bezafibrate (P < 0.05). Expression of IL-1β mRNA by MNCs was also decreased after 24 hours of treatment with 10 μg/mL of bezafibrate, whereas the IL-1β level in the culture supernatant was significantly decreased after treatment of MNCs with either 1 or 10 μg/mL of bezafibrate. In conclusion, bezafibrate decreased circulating CD14+CD16+ monocytes in patients with type 2 diabetes, probably by inhibiting the expression of CD16 mRNA.

Authors: Terasawa T, Aso Y, Omori K, Fukushima M, Momobayashi A, Inukai T.
Journal: Transl Res.. pii: S1931-5244
Year: 2014
PubMed: Find in PubMed