Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Intermediate monocytes contribute to pathologic immune response in Leishmania braziliensis infections.

Abstract

Ulcer development in patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) caused by Leishmania braziliensis is associated with high levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF). We found that early after infection, before ulcer development, the frequency of CD16(+) (both intermediate [CD14(+)CD16(+)] and nonclassical [CD14(dim)CD16(+)]) monocytes was increased in the peripheral blood of patients with L. braziliensis, compared with uninfected controls. These results suggest that CD16(+) monocytes might promote disease. Also, we found that intermediate monocytes expressed CCR2 and that increased levels of CCL2 protein were present in lesions from patients, suggesting that intermediate monocytes are more likely than nonclassical monocytes to migrate to the lesion site. Finally, we found that the intermediate monocytes produced TNF. Our results show that intermediate monocytes are increased in frequency soon after infection; express CCR2, which would promote their migration into the lesions; and, owing to their production of TNF, can enhance the inflammatory response.

Authors: Passos S, Carvalho LP, Costa RS, Campos TM, Novais FO, Magalhães A, Machado PR, Beiting D, Mosser D, Carvalho EM, Scott P.
Journal: J Infect Dis.;211(2):274-82
Year: 2015
PubMed: Find in PubMed