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Induction of apoptosis by obovatol as a novel therapeutic strategy for acute myeloid leukemia.

Abstract

Obovatol, a compound isolated from the bark cortex of Magnolia officinalis (cortex Magnoliae officinalis; M. officinalis), has been studied for use in the treatment of solid cancers. However, the mechanisms of action and the effects of obovatol against acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remain unclear and require further investigation. Therefore, this study was conducted using a human AML cell line (MM6). Obovatol increased pro-apoptotic (Bax) and decreased anti-apoptotic (Bcl-2) protein expression, resulting in caspase-3 and caspase-9 activation measured by caspase-Glo 3/7 assay. Furthermore, obovatol activated the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway [c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38] and inhibited the activation of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway analyzed by western blot analysis. Taken together, these findings provide evidence that obovatol inhibits cell proliferation in AML and induces apoptosis through the activation of the MAPK pathway in addition to the intrinsic apoptotic pathway. In addition, obovatol suppressed the expression of mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) target genes by inhibiting the activation of the NF-κB pathway. Therefore, these results suggest that obovatol may have potential for use in the treatment of leukemia.

Authors: Kim HS, Lim GY, Hwang J, Ryoo ZY, Huh TL, Lee S.
Journal: Int J Mol Med.;34:1675-80
Year: 2014
PubMed: Find in PubMed