Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Expansion of CD14+CD16+ monocytes in critically ill cardiac surgery patients

Abstract

We have asked whether critically ill cardiac valve surgery patients identified by a high APACHE II score exhibit an increase in the number of proinflammatory CD14+CD16+ monocytes. A group of 12 patients was studied over a period of 5 days post cardiac valve surgery for changes in blood monocyte populations. Patients were selected on day 1 post surgery to either be in good clinical condition (APACHE II Score of < or = 14; N = 9) or to be critically ill (APACHE II score of > or = 24; N = 3). The < or = 14 patients had an uneventful course and could leave the ICU after 2-3 days. Among the > or = 24 patients two showed a decrease of the score to < or = 14 within the 5 days of observation and they could leave the ICU thereafter. One > or = 24 patient (patient #2) had a persistently high score and finally died on day 28. Analysis of blood monocytes on day 1 post surgery revealed that the < or = 14 patients had normal values of CD14+CD16+ monocytes (44 +/- 9/microliter). By contrast the > or = 24 patients had increased values of these cells with 243 +/- 106 cells per microliter on day 1. The numbers of CD14+CD16+ monocytes returned to the control range over the 5 days of observation in 2 of the > or = 24 patients concomitant with the improvement of the APACHE II score. CD14+CD16+ monocytes remained, however, at a high level in patient #2, the patient with persistently high APACHE II score.

Authors: Fingerle-Rowson G, Auers J, Kreuzer E, Fraunberger P, Blumenstein M, Ziegler-Heitbrock HWL
Journal: Inflammation 22: 367
Year: 1998
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