Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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The CD14+CD16+ monocytes in erysipelas are expanded and show reduced cytokine production

Abstract

In human peripheral blood the classical CD14(++)DR(+) monocytes and the pro-inflammatory CD14(+)CD16(+)DR(++) monocytes can be distinguished. In erysipelas we found strongly increased numbers of CD14(+)CD16(+) monocytes on the day of diagnosis (day 1) in 11 patients with an average of 150.5+/-76.0 cells/&mgr;l, while 1 patient had low levels (35 cells/&mgr;l, control donors 48.8+/-19.8 cells/&mgr;l). The classical monocytes were only moderately elevated in the erysipelas patients (factor 1.7 as compared to controls). Patients exhibited increased body temperature, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and increased serum levels for C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-6 and macrophage-colony-stimulating factor. Among these, body temperature and CRP showed a significant correlation to the numbers of CD14(+)CD16(+) monocytes. In 4 of 4 patients with high levels of CD14(+)CD16(+) monocytes, these levels returned to that seen in controls by day 5 of antibiotic therapy. Determination of intracellular TNF was performed by three-color immunofluorescence and flow cytometry after ex vivo stimulation withlipoteichoic acid, a typical constituent of streptococci. Here, patient CD14(+)DR(++) pro-inflammatory monocytes showed a twofold lower level of intracellular TNF. By contrast, expression of TNF was unaltered in the classical CD14(++) monocytes. These data show that in erysipelas the pro-inflammatory CD14(+)CD16(+)DR(++) monocytes are substantially expanded and selectively tolerant to stimulation by streptococcal products.

Authors: Horelt A, Belge KU, Steppich B, Prinz J, Ziegler-Heitbrock L
Journal: Eur J Immunol 32: 1319-1327
Year: 2002
PubMed: Find in PubMed