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Anti-inflammatory tetraquinane diterpenoids from a Crinipellis species.

Abstract

The small pro-inflammatory 10kDa chemokine CXCL10 (Interferon-inducible protein 10, IP-10) plays an important role in mediating immune responses through the activation and recruitment of leukocytes such as T cells, eosinophils, monocytes and NK cells to the sites of inflammation. Elevated levels of CXCL10 have been associated with chronic inflammatory and infectious diseases and therefore CXCL10 represents an attractive target for the development of new anti-inflammatory drugs. In a search for anti-inflammatory compounds from fungi inhibiting the inducible CXCL10 promoter activity, four new tetraquinane diterpenoids, crinipellin E (1), crinipellin F (2), crinipellin G (3) and crinipellin H (4) were isolated from fermentations of a Crinipellis species. The structures of the compounds were elucidated by a combination of one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Compounds 1, 2, and 3 inhibited the LPS/IFN-γ induced CXCL10 promoter activity in transiently transfected human MonoMac6 cells in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 values of 15μM, 1.5μM, and 3.15μM respectively, whereas compound 4 was devoid of any biological activity. Moreover, compounds 1, 2 and 3 reduced mRNA levels and synthesis of pro-inflammatory mediators such as cytokines and chemokines in LPS/IFN-γ stimulated MonoMac6 cells.

Authors: Rohr M, Oleinikov K, Jung M, Sandjo LP, Opatz T, Erkel G.
Journal: Bioorg Med Chem. 2017 Jan 15;25(2):514-522
Year: 2017
PubMed: Find in PubMed