Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock


Lipopolysaccharide decreases oxygen consumption by Mono Mac 6 cells; an electron paramagnetic resonance oximetry study


The rate of oxygen consumption in the human acute monocytic leukemia-derived cell line, Mono Mac 6, in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro was measured by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy using an oxygen-sensitive spin-label, 4-oxo-2,2,6,6-terramethylpiperidine-d(16)-1-oxyl (N-15-PDT). Lipopolysaccharide impaired oxygen consumption in a dose-dependent manner which was shown to be mediated by mitochondrial dysfunction and could be augmented by pretreatment of the cells with interferon-gamma. Treatment of the cells with anti-CD14 monoclonal antibody failed to inhibit the LPS-induced effects on cellular respiration. These results suggest that LPS can directly reduce normal cellular oxygen consumption possibly via a CD14-independent pathway. This alteration of mitochondrial function by LPS may be responsible for the observed cell damage during sepsis.

Authors: Glover, R.E., Mile, B., Rowlands, C.C., Jackson, S.K.
Journal: Biochim. Biophys. Acta - Molecular Cell Research, 1310: 5-9
Year: 1996
PubMed: Find in PubMed