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Differential regulation of the C3a and C5a receptors (CD88) by IFN-y and PMA in U937 cells and related myeloblastic cell lines

Abstract

We have analyzed the induction of the receptor for the anaphylatoxic peptide C3a (C3aR) by the immunomodulator IFN gamma, the phorbol ester PMA, and dibutyryl cAMP (Bt(2)cAMP) in comparison with the C5a receptor (C5aR, CD88). For U937 cells. IFN gamma and Bt(2)cAMP up regulated the C3aR to the same extent, whereas Bt(2)cAMP was 20 fold more effective in C5aR induction. PMA increased the expression of the C5aR, and acted synergistically with IFN gamma. In contrast, PMA did not increase specific I 125 hC3a binding, and actually antagonized C3aR induction by IFN gamma, Two related human cell lines of the myeloblastic/monocytic lineage, HL 60 and Mono Mac 6, showed inducibility of the C3aR similar to U937 cells, The two receptors showed subtle differences in signal transduction. Despite comparable numbers of both receptors, IFN gamma potentiated activation of the C5aR but not the C3aR, as measured by an increase in free cytosolic Ca2+ upon ligand activation, Interestingly, Bt(2)cAMP treatment led to a functional response to C3a in U937 cells. Such differences in receptor regulation and signaling might underlie the partly differing physiologic effects of C3a and C5a on, for example, chemotaxis, induction of oxidative burst, or immunoregulatory functions.

Authors: Burg, M., Martin, U., Bock, D., Rheinheimer, C., Köhl, J., Bautsch, W., Klos, A.
Journal: J. Immunol., 157: 5574-5581
Year: 1996
PubMed: Find in PubMed