Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

Multiplication and death-type of leukemia cell lines exposed to very long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids

Abstract

Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may reduce cell multiplication in cultures of normal, as well as transformed, white blood cells. We assessed the sensitivity of 14 different leukemia cell lines to PUFA by measuring cell number after 3 days of incubation. Ten of the examined cell lines were sensitive to 30, 60 and/or 120 microM of arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid, whereas four cell lines were resistant. The sensitivity to PUFA was not associated with any particular cell lineage, clinical origin or specific mRNA pattern of bcl-2 and c-myc. Effects on cell viability were assessed by studying cell membrane integrity, DNA fragmentation and cell morphology. The sensitive cell lines Raji and Ramos died by necrosis and apoptosis, respectively, during incubation with eicosapentaenoic acid, whereas the viability of the resistant U-698 cell line was unaffected. The effects of EPA on Raji cells, was counteracted by vitamin E, indicating that lipid peroxidation was involved. However, apoptosis induced by eicosapentaenoic acid in Ramos cells, was unaffected by vitamin E, as well as eicosanoid synthesis inhibitors. In conclusion, our results indicate that a majority of leukemia cell lines are sensitive to PUFA. This sensitivity may be caused by induction of apoptosis or necrosis by very long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Authors: Finstad, H.S., Myhrstad, M.C., Heimli, H., Lomo, J., Blomhoff, H.K., Kolset, S.O., Drevon, C.A
Journal: Leukemia, 12:921-929
Year: 1998
PubMed: Find in PubMed