Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Difference in the blood monocyte phenotype between uremic patients and healthy controls: Its relation to monocyte differentiation into macrophages in the peritoneal cavity

Abstract

The phenotypic alterations between blood monocytes from 11 patients with end-stage renal disease, who had been on peritoneal dialysis for less than one week, and blood monocytes from 10 healthy controls, were analyzed. In addition, peritoneal macrophages in the dialysate effluent were enclosed. Analysis of functional receptor density was performed using immunostaining and flow cytometry. The phenotypic characterization was selected to represent various biological functions such as adhesion, phagocytosis (CD11b/CD18, CD11c/CD18, CD16), antigen-presentation (HLA-DR, ICAM-1), differentiation (transferrin receptor, CD71), receptor for LPS (CD14) and initiation of the coagulation cascade (Tissue factor, CD142). The proportion of CD16-positive blood monocytes and the quantitative level of ICAM-1 were higher in the patient group, compared to healthy controls. A significant increase in the quantitative level of CD11b/CD18, CD11c/CD18, HLA-DR and ICAM-1, transferrin receptor, CD14 and CD16, was found on peritoneal macrophages, compared to monocytes, harvested both from the corresponding patients, as well as from healthy donors. In contrast, we did not find any significant differences in the expression of tissue factor between monocytes and peritoneal macrophages. In conclusion, phenotypic differences exist between monocyte populations in the blood circulation of CAPD patients, and healthy individuals. We also show that transmigration of monocytes into the peritoneal cavity implies a selective up-regulation of functional receptors, preferentially related to adhesion, and antigen-presentation in a steady-state situation in non-infected CAPD patients.

Authors: Brauner A, Lu Y, Hallden G, Hylander B, Lundahl J
Journal: Inflammation 22: 55-66
Year: 1998
PubMed: Find in PubMed