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Intramacrophage passage of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. avium complex alters the drug susceptibilities of the organisms as determined by intracellular susceptibility testing using macrophages and type II alveolar epithelial cells.

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. avium complex strains given intramacrophage passage (I-type) were compared with those cultured in a liquid medium (E-type) for their drug susceptibilities when they were replicating in Mono-Mac-6 macrophages or A-549 cells. Their intracellular susceptibilities to rifalazil, clarithromycin, and levofloxacin were decreased more in I-type organisms than in E-type organisms, except that their rifalazil susceptibility inside A-549 cells was markedly increased in I-type organisms.

Authors: Tomioka H, Sato K, Sano C, Sano K, Shimizu T
Journal: Antimicrob Agents Chemother 46: 519-521
Year: 2002
PubMed: Find in PubMed