Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Surface phenotype analysis of CD16+ monocytes from leukapheresis collections for peripheral blood progenitors

Abstract

In peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) collections from patients with solid tumour or haematological malignancy, monocytes were separated into two subpopulations. The majority of monocytes expressed CD14 at a high density without CD16 antigen (the CD14+CD16- monocytes). The remaining monocytes co-expressed CD14 and CD16 (the CD14+CD16+ monocytes). These CD14+CD16+ monocytes amounted to 20.6 +/- 15.8%, while those in peripheral blood (PB) obtained from healthy volunteers were 7.3 +/- 3.1% (P < 0.05). When subdividing the CD14+CD16+ monocytes into CD14brightCD16dim and CD14dimCD16bright cells, both populations were found to be increased in PBPC collections. Since typical CD14+CD16+ monocytes are the CD14dimCD16bright population, we compared the additional surface antigens on CD14dimCD16bright monocytes with those of CD14+CD16- monocytes. In PBPC collections, the CD14dimCD16bright monocytes exhibited lower levels of CD11b, CD15, CD33 and CD38 expression and higher levels of CD4, CD11a, CD11c and MHC class II, and also revealed a higher percentage of CD4+ cells and a lower percentage of CD15+ cells and CD38+ cells, compared with the CD14+CD16- monocytes. When compared with the CD14dimCD16bright monocytes in PB, those in PBPC collections exhibited higher expression of CD4 and lower expression of CD11b, and also showed higher percentages of CD4+ cells and CD38+ cells and a lower percentage of CD11b+ cells. These results suggest that PBPC collections may be rich in the CD14+CD16+ monocytes in which the proportion of the immature population is increased. It is likely that these monocytes participate in the haematological and immune recovery after PBPC transplantation.

Authors: Tanaka M, Honda J, Imamura Y, Shiraishi K, Tanaka K, Oizumi K
Journal: Clin Exp Immunol 116: 57-61
Year: 1999
PubMed: Find in PubMed