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The receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)κB ligand (RANKL) is a new chemotactic factor for human monocytes

Abstract

Bone resorption is regulated by the immune system, where receptor activator of nuclear factor (NF)κB ligand (RANKL), a new member of the tumor-necrosis factor family, may contribute to pathological conditions. Due to the role of RANKL in the maturation of monocyte-derived osteoclasts, we hypothesized that RANKL could exert chemotactic properties toward monocytic cells. Our results demonstrate that RANKL induces the migration of MonoMac-6 monocytic cells as well as human freshly isolated total peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and CD14+ purified PBMC. RANKL induces the migration of MonoMac-6 cells in a dose-dependent manner and with an efficacy similar to MCP-1. After an 8-h incubation, the soluble form of RANKL (sRANKL) started to exhibit a chemoattractive effect on MonoMac-6 cells, with an increased effect observed up to 24 h. RANKL elicits an additive chemotactic effect to MCP-1. Furthermore, addition of the RANKL decoy receptor osteoprotegerin in the lower well or RANKL in the upper well abrogates the RANKL-induced migration of MonoMac-6 cells, hallmarking a true specific activity. RNase protection assay experiments indicate that exposure of MonoMac-6 cells to RANKL had no significant effect on the expression of a variety of chemokines, known to attract monocytes. This study provides evidence that RANKL behaves as a chemotactic factor for monocytic cells, emphazing the cross-talk between bone and immune systems.

Authors: Breuil V, Schmid-Antomarchi H, Schmid-Alliana A, Rezzonico R, Euller-Ziegler L, Rossi B
Journal: FASEB J, 17:1751-1753
Year: 2003
PubMed: Find in PubMed