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Molecular Characterization of Human 4Ig-B7-H3, a Member of the B7 Family with Four Ig-Like Domains

Abstract

In an effort to characterize molecules with immunoregulatory potential, we raised mAbs to human dendritic cells. We selected an Ab that recognizes a molecule that is induced on monocytes differentiated in vitro toward dendritic cells. Retroviral expression cloning identified this molecule as B7-H3, a member of the B7 family described recently. In contrast to an earlier report, in which B7-H3 was described as a molecule consisting of two Ig-like domains, our cDNA encoded a type I membrane protein with four Ig-like domains, and the molecule identified by us was therefore named 4Ig-B7-H3. mRNA analysis as well as Western blotting experiments performed by us did not reveal evidence for a small B7-H3. B7-H3 is not expressed on peripheral blood lymphocytes, monocytes, or granulocytes. Upon in vitro stimulation, the expression of B7-H3 is induced on T cells, B cells, and NK cells. A number of different approaches were used to investigate the function of human B7-H3. In contrast to an earlier report, our data do not support a costimulatory role of B7-H3 in anti-CD3-mediated activation of the TCR-complex resulting in T cell proliferation and IFN-gamma production.

Authors: Steinberger P, Majdic O, Derdak SV, Pfistershammer K, Kirchberger S, Klauser C, Zlabinger G, Pickl WF, Stockl J, Knapp W
Journal: J Immunol., 172:2352-9
Year: 2004
PubMed: Find in PubMed