Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

Immunosuppressive Effect of Deoxyspergualin in Proliferative Glomerulonephritis

Abstract

A clinical trial of the immunosuppressive drug deoxyspergualin (DSG) was conducted in five patients with various forms of proliferative glomerulonephritis (immunoglobulin A nephropathy in two patients, purpura nephritis in one patient, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis in one patient, and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in one patient). DSG was intravenously administered at 0.25 or 0.5 mg/kg/d for 4 weeks. A marked decrease in proteinuria (to <50% of baseline) was observed in four patients, and the other patient showed a 38% reduction in proteinuria, but the proteinuria was exacerbated again after discontinuation of DSG in three patients during a 4-week follow-up period. Proinflammatory CD16+ (FcRIII) monocytes disappeared from the peripheral blood during the administration of DSG but reappeared after DSG treatment was discontinued. A significant decrease in urinary macrophage counts that was far more marked than the decrease in peripheral blood monocyte counts was observed after administration of DSG. Interestingly, we also observed that the CD16 marker on the CD14+ macrophage population in the urine disappeared in response to DSG treatment. These findings suggest that DSG may have a unique effect of suppression of FcRIII expression on monocytes and/or macrophages that may result in amelioration of activated macrophage-mediated glomerulonephritis. monocytes in KD.

Authors: Hotta, O., Furuta, T., Chiba, S., Yusa, N., Taguma, Y.
Journal: Am. J. Kidney Dis., 34, 894-901
Year: 1999
PubMed: Find in PubMed