Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

Contact

Proinflammatory CD14+CD16+ monocytes are associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in renal transplant patients

Abstract

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death in renal transplant (TX) recipients. Atherosclerotic lesions are characterized by monocytic infiltration. Circulating monocytes can be divided into functionally distinct subpopulations, among which CD14++CD16+ and CD14+CD16+ monocytes (summarized as CD16+ monocytes) are proinflammatory cells. We hypothesized that the frequency of circulating CD16+ monocytes is associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in TX patients. Monocyte subpopulations were quantified in 95 TX and 31 hemodialysis patients (HD). In TX patients, subclinical atherosclerosis was determined by carotid intima media thickness (IMT) measurement. TX patients had lower frequencies of CD16+ monocytes than HD patients. When stratifying by immunosuppressive treatment, patients on methylprednisolone (MP) therapy had fewer CD14+CD16+ monocytes than patients not receiving MP. CD14+CD16+ monocytes decrease very shortly after transplantation. CD14+CD16+ monocyte frequency correlated with IMT in TX recipients (r = 0.34, p < 0.001). This correlation was most pronounced among patients without MP treatment (r = 0.55, p = 0.02). In a multivariate regression analysis, the association of CD14+CD16+ monocytes with IMT was independent from traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The frequency of proinflammatory CD14+CD16+ monocytes is independently associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in transplant recipients. Further studies on the association between circulating leukocytes and atherosclerosis should take monocyte heterogeneity into account.

Authors: Ulrich C, Heine GH, Gerhart MK, Köhler H, Girndt M
Journal: Am J Transplant., 8(1):103-110
Year: 2008
PubMed: Find in PubMed