Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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The phenotypical and functional characteristics of cord blood monocytes and CD14(-/low)/CD16(+) dendritic cells can be relevant to the development of cellular immune responses after transplantation.

Abstract

Umbilical cord blood (UCB) has been used as an alternative source of haematopoietic progenitors for transplantation presenting advantages over bone marrow (BM) that are related with known shortages of newborns' immune system at adaptive and innate levels. Using flow cytometry, we studied the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and chemokine receptors (CKRs) and the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines by monocytes and CD14(-/low)/CD16(+)DCs from peripheral blood (PB; n=10), and umbilical cord blood (UCB; n=10). CKRs and cytokines were studied before and after stimulation of cells with LPS plus IFN-gamma. We also identified the two populations in normal bone marrow samples (BM; n=5). BM presented lower frequencies of both studied populations when compared to UCB and PB. CD14(-/low)/CD16(+)DCs presented a pattern of TLR expression different from mature monocytes reflecting distinct functions for these two populations. UCB cells presented reduced expression of TLR-4 and lower capability to produce cytokines prior stimulation. The populations studied presented different patterns of CKR expression reflecting distinct migratory pathways. Moreover, UCB cells presented higher expressions of CXCR4 and CCR7 that may be involved in immune system maturation and stem cell homing. Monocytes and CD14(-/low)/CD16(+)DCs present functional and phenotypical characteristics that may contribute to the lower incidence and severity of GVHD.

Authors: Morgado JM, Pratas R, Laranjeira P, Henriques A, Crespo I, Regateiro F, Paiva A.
Journal: Transpl Immunol. 19(1):55-63.
Year: 2008
PubMed: Find in PubMed