Human Monocytes - CD14, CD16 - Ziegler-Heitbrock

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Low interleukin-10 production by monocytes of patients with a self-limiting hepatitis C virus infection.

Abstract

Summary. Host factors seem to be crucial for the spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV). Monocytes play a pivotal role in innate immunity and help regulate adaptive responses. This study assesses the characteristics of monocytes from patients with self-limiting HCV infections. We studied 35 consecutive patients [11 with a self-limiting HCV infection, 16 chronically infected with HCV and sustained virological responders (SVR) following antiviral therapy, and eight chronically infected HCV but untreated] and eight healthy donors (HD). The production of interleukin (IL)-10, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and IL-12p40 by monocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharides(LPS) or HCV Core protein was measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay. Monocyte surface markers were analysed by flow cytometry. LPS and Core protein triggered IL-10 and TNF-alpha production, but monocytes from self-limiting infection patients produced significantly less IL-10 and TNF-alpha than those of SVR, chronically infected or HD (P < 0.05), while IL-12p40 production was unchanged. This cytokine production profile did not appear to be due to expansion of the CD14(+) CD16(+) monocyte subset or to a classical or alternative activation monocyte profile. Monocytes from self-limiting infection patients had more CCR7 than those from SVR or chronically infected patients (P < 0.05). Monocytes of self-limiting infection patients appear to produce little IL-10 and TNF-alpha in response to viral or unspecific stimulation and to have a higher CCR7 expression. This profile seems to be independent to a particular monocyte subset or activation state. Low IL-10 production may help establish an effective immune response and spontaneous HCV clearance.

Authors: Martin-Blondel G, Gales A, Bernad J, Cuzin L, Delobel P, Barange K, Izopet J, Pipy B, Alric L.
Journal: J Viral Hepat. 16(7):485-91
Year: 2009
PubMed: Find in PubMed